628011 Contextual Theology

winter semester 2018/2019 | Last update: 06.02.2019 Place course on memo list
Contextual Theology
VO 1

To develop awareness of the contextuality of Islamic theology in relation to Islamic normative theory (fiqh); gain an insight into the contextual approaches in Islamic tradition in the field of Islamic law and reflect on the importance of contextual Islamic theology in contemporary sociocultural circumstances.

In plural societies, where many religions, communities and cultures live together, Islamic theology is increasingly challenged to contextualize Islamic law. For this reason, after discussing the attitude of Muslim scholars to Islamic law in the modern age, the main theme of this meeting will be the changeability of Islamic law. In doing so, concepts such as e.g. tajdid (renewal), idschtihād (law-finding) and maslaha (general welfare) are treated in more detail to show how these concepts solve contemporary problems and thereby adapt Islam to specific contexts. Based on bioethical issues, such as e.g. brain death and organ transplantation will concretely show how legal problems with these concepts are being solved by Muslim scholars and intellectuals. Current bioethical topics should therefore also be presented and then the Islamic-theological evaluation of these topics by Muslim and other theologians as well as medical and bioethicists presented.

 Lecture, discussion


Athighetchi, D.: Islamic Bioethics: Problems and Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer, 2007.

Bassiouni, Mahmoud: Menschenrechte zwischen Universalität und islamischer Legitimität. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2014.

Düwell, Marcus: Begründung in der (Bio-)Ethik und der moralische Pluralismus. In: Wie funktioniert Bioethik? Cordula Brand/Eve-Marie Engels/Arianna Ferrari/Lászlo Kovács (Hrsg.) Paderborn: Mentis, 2008. S. 27-51.

Ebrahim, Abul Fadl Mohsin: Organ Transplantation. Contemporary Islamic Legal and Ethical Perspectives, Kuala Lumpur 1998.

Eich, Thomas: Moderne Medizin und islamische Ethik: Biowissenschaften in der muslimischen Rechtstradition. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2008.

Ilkilic, Ilhan; Takim, Abdullah: Bioethik am Beispiel der Stammzelldebatte in der Türkei. In: Jan C. Joerden (Hrsg.) [u.a.]: Stammzellforschung in Europa. Religiöse, ethische und rechtliche Probleme. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang, 2009. 183-197.

Rispler-Chaim, V.: Islamic Medical Ethics in the Twentieth Century. Leiden: Brill, 1993.

Sachedina, Abdulaziz Abdulhussein: Islamic biomedical ethics: principles and application. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2009.

Rohe, Mathias: Der Islam - Alltagskonflikte und Lösungen: rechtliche Perspektiven. Freiburg im Breisgau [u.a.]: Herder, 2001.

Wielandt, Rotraud: Die Weltverantwortung des Menschen aus islamischer Sicht. In: Andreas Bsteh/ Ludwig Hagemann (Hrsg.): Der Islam als Anfrage an christliche Theologie und Philosophie. Referate, Anfragen, Diskussionen. Mödling: St. Gabriel, 1994. S. 143-154.



Group 0
Date Time Location
Thu 2018-11-29
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2018-12-06
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2018-12-13
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2019-01-10
12.00 - 13.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2019-01-10
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2019-01-17
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2019-01-24
12.00 - 13.45 SR VII (Theologie) SR VII (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2019-01-24
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Thu 2019-01-31
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free
Tue 2019-03-19
14.00 - 15.45 SR VI (Theologie) SR VI (Theologie) Barrier-free Prüfung